HIV/AIDS stats and demographics

Progress Report on Global AIDS Efforts (UNAIDS, UNICEF, and WHO)

September 30, 2009

The progress report “Towards universal access: scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector” highlights gains in many aspects of the global response to HIV/AIDS, but also stresses increasing needs.  The report addresses the following subtopics: treatment and care, testing and counselling, women and children, most-at-risk populations.

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Updates on HIV/AIDS in the U.S.

March 7, 2009

The Kaiser Family Foundation recently released a new fact sheet (February 2009) summarizing recent developments and statistics related to HIV/AIDS in the United States.

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New stats on HIV transmission in the U.S.

January 5, 2009

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently released a report highlighting some encouraging numbers on the effectiveness of prevention efforts in this country.

>> Read the report (HTML)
>> Download the report (PDF)

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HIV/AIDS in America: Basic Statistics from the CDC

September 27, 2008

>> HIV/AIDS: Basic Statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

If you’ve ever tried to find AIDS stats fast, you know it’s not always as easy as you might wish.  Happily, the CDC seems to be working on boiling down the essence of its recent stats update, and has produced this handy guide to Basic Statistics on HIV and AIDS in the US, complete with definitions of its key terms.  For your even greater convenience, here are the highlights.

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Mapping AIDS in America 

September 5, 2008

The CDC recently released a series of dot-density maps illustrating the distribution of AIDS in the United States up through 2005.  Basically, for every 50 or more people with AIDS in a given county, the county got a dot on the map.*  This is a very interesting and easy-to-grasp way of looking at the epidemic in the US, and really gives a sense of the big picture.

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UNAIDS releases new stats on HIV/AIDS worldwide

July 31, 2008

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has released its 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic.  The report indicates that many countries have seen redeuctions in the number of AIDS deaths and new HIV infections, and more people around the world are getting access to effective HIV/AIDS treatment.  It warns, however, that there is no room for complacency: incidence continues to rise in some areas, and HIV/AIDS remains an extremely serious global health problem.

According to a UNAIDS press release, UNAIDS Executive Director Dr. Peter Piot said, “Gains in saving lives by preventing new infections and providing treatment to people living with HIV must be sustained over the long term.  Short-term gains should serve as a platform for reinvigorating combination HIV prevention and treatment efforts and not spur complacency.”

The complete report can be accessed from the UNAIDS website.  Click here for an Executive Summary of the report (PDF download, 36 pages). 

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New HIV/AIDS stats available on GlobalHealthFacts.org

Just a heads-up: GlobalHealthFacts.org, a fantastic database site run by the Kaiser Family Foundation, has updated its figures on national HIV/AIDS rates to reflect the most recent data from the UNAIDS 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic.

Here’s some more info on the resources available (quoted from this Kaiser Network article):

The Web site includes data on people living with HIV/AIDS and AIDS-related deaths displayed in tables, charts and color-coded maps, which can be downloaded for custom analyses. In addition, GlobalHealthFacts.org’s new custom data sheet tool can be used to compare data across countries. Updated regional HIV/AIDS statistics also can be found on GlobalHealthReporting.org. Several Kaiser Family Foundation fact sheets have also been updated with the new data, and the Kaiser Family Foundation has produced new fact sheets on HIV/AIDS in Latin America and Mexico in preparation for next week’s XVII International AIDS Conference (KFF release, 7/30).

  

New CDC report on HIV incidence and demographics in the US

August 3, 2008

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has announced new figures on HIV incidence in the United States, revealing that the number of new HIV cases each year is probably about 40% higher than previous CDC estimates indicated.  That means that there are “probably about 225,000 more people living with HIV in the USA than official figures have been reporting,” according to Medical News Today.

According to an Associated Press (AP) report, “The country had roughly 56,300 new HIV infections in 2006 — about a 40 percent increase from the 40,000 annual estimate used for the past dozen years. The new figure is due to a better blood test and new statistical methods, and not a worsening of the epidemic, officials said.”

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New Report on HIV/AIDS in Black America

August 2, 2008

In a new report released July 29, the Black AIDS Institute sounded the alarm on high rates of HIV/AIDS among African Americans.  The title of the report pretty much says it all: “Left Behind! Black America: A Neglected Priority in the Global AIDS Epidemic.”

To bring the statistics into perspective, the report considers the black population of the United States as if it were the population of a separate country.  The hypothetical country of “Black America” would rank 35th on a list of the world’s most populous nations, and would have the 28th largest national economy.  And it would have the 16th highest national prevalence of HIV/AIDS.  This, the report stresses, would attract the attention of the United States.

As it is, the authors of the report say, the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the black American population is not getting nearly enough attention from the US government.  In the meantime, the US is embarking on a massive international AIDS funding program with the re-authorization of PEPFAR.  Among many observers, this contrast is attracting attention.

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AIDS “catastrophe” in the American South

July 24, 2008

HIV/AIDS in America is more complicated than you might realize.  If you think of urban centers and the east and west coasts as the real “drivers” of AIDS in the US, you’re not alone.  You are, however, mistaken.

According to a Birmingham News article by Dave Parks, a report released by the Southern AIDS Coalition on July 21 warns that “HIV has burrowed into the Deep South, feeding off some of the most impoverished people in the nation and creating a health catastrophe.”  (I definitely recommend reading the whole article, or this summary from the Kaiser Network.)

The report paints a grim picture of a growing HIV/AIDS crisis in the rural South, fuelled by underfunding, logistical difficulties, cultural factors, and deep poverty.

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HIV/AIDS hits hard in Latino community

July 24, 2008

According to a Washington Post article by Ceci Connolly, published on June 23, “AIDS rates in the [United States’s] Latino community are increasing and, with little notice, have reached what experts are calling a simmering public health crisis.”

The article presents an image of a hidden emergency: “Though Hispanics make up about 14 percent of the U.S. population, they represented 22 percent of new HIV and AIDS diagnoses tallied by federal officials in 2006,” yet HIV/AIDS in this population “has mostly been overshadowed by the epidemic among African Americans and gay white men.”

The problem of HIV/AIDS among Latinos is beginning to attract more attention from public health organizations such as the CDC.  Social and cultural issues distinct to the Latino community make the situation especially difficult to deal with.

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