New stats on HIV transmission in the U.S.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently released a report highlighting some encouraging numbers on the effectiveness of prevention efforts in this country.

>> Read the report (HTML)
>> Download the report (PDF)

The report summarizes research Dr. David Holtgrave from Johns Hopkins, who “conducted an analysis designed to measure the annual rate of HIV transmission in the United States.”  The transmission rate measures “the annual number of new HIV infections transmitted per 100 persons living with HIV.”

According to the CDC report:

Researchers found that the HIV transmission rate has declined dramatically since the early days of the epidemic. In 1980, for example, when the disease was still undetected, the transmission rate was 92 percent, meaning there were 92 transmissions per 100 persons living with HIV at the time. After the identification of AIDS, and later HIV, and the implementation of HIV testing and other prevention efforts, transmission rates began to decline.

Since the peak level of new infections in the mid-1980s, just prior to the introduction of HIV testing, the transmission rate has declined by approximately 89 percent (from 44 transmissions per 100 persons living with HIV in 1984 to five transmissions per 100 persons living with HIV in 2006).


The report concludes:

HIV continues to take a severe toll on multiple communities in the US, with gay and bisexual men of all races, African Americans, and Latinos bearing the heaviest burden. Waging a continued battle against HIV will take a continued commitment across the country to address HIV among these populations. We all must do more—as individuals, communities, and as a nation—to expand the reach of effective prevention efforts to those at risk and stop the spread of HIV.


~ by h.e.g. on January 5, 2009.

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